Have you ever noticed a bulge under your skin, especially near your groin, belly button, or thigh, that increases while coughing, laughing, lifting heavy, or standing? If your answer is yes, you might have a hernia. There is nothing to worry about, as the hernia is treatable, but it is important to be vigilant about its signs and symptoms. Ignoring hernia may lead to unwanted complications, which may also be life-threatening. Always recognize the red flags of a hernia and immediately seek medical attention.
Scroll ahead to learn about hernia, their symptoms, why they occur, how they can be treated, and their cost.
What is a hernia?
When an organ pushes through an opening in a muscle or tissue that holds that organ in place, then a hernia occurs. For example, the intestines may protrude through a weakened area in your abdominal wall. It appears in the thigh region, belly button, and groin areas. It is divided into several types based on its location.
- Inguinal hernia: A part of the intestine may poke into the area on top of the inner thigh (the inguinal region). It is the most common hernia in males.
- Umbilical hernia: The tissue pushes through the abdominal region near the navel. It mostly sees it in infants and children.
- Hiatal hernia: Part of the stomach pushes into the chest cavity through a muscle between the chest and the abdomen.
- Incisional hernia: Tissue pokes out from the site of an abdominal scar from a previous surgery or injury.
What are the symptoms of a hernia?
In the initial stages, the hernia does not exhibit any symptoms. It is painless, and not noticeable, especially if you are not vigilant. The common signs of hernia include:
- A bulge or a lump, especially in the inner thigh or abdominal area, that increases while lifting something heavy or standing or laughing.
- Bump in the naval area of babies, especially when they cry.
- Dull ache or discomfort in the affected area such as thighs, belly button etc.
- A Hiatal hernia may cause burning or pain in the chest area.
- Difficulty in swallowing.
If you come across any of these symptoms, do not ignore them. See a doctor immediately and seek hernia treatment.
What can be the causes of hernia?
A hernia is caused by:
- Muscle weakness and strain: This may be because of various reasons like aging, weight lifting, family history, etc. This is the most common cause of hernia in males.
- Birth defects: The Abdominal wall is not completely closed, which can cause a hernia.
- An injury or surgery: This can cause a hernia when tissue protrudes through the incision or a scar after surgery.
How to treat a hernia?
A hernia needs treatment and doesn’t resolve on its own. You should always consult your doctor, who is the best person to assess, diagnose and recommend the best therapy needed to address your hernia depending on:
- The size of the hernia: If the hernia is small and painless, it may be observed and monitored regularly with no active treatment. Large hernias may need surgery. which is the only way to treat them permanently.
- The problems it may cause: When the hernia grows larger and cause pain, discomfort, and interferes with your daily activities, the doctor will plan to treat it accordingly.
- The area where it is located: If there is an umbilical hernia in the child and not resolved by the age of 4-5 years, surgery may be recommended. For umbilical hernias in adults too surgery is needed because the risks of complications are more.
We can perform three types of surgeries to treat hernia:
- Open surgery: This means the area of the hernia is opened by making cuts in that location, the protruding tissue is put back in place, and the muscle is stitched back together.
- Laparoscopic surgery: It is a less invasive surgery wherein the area is not opened but tiny cuts are made and the surgical instruments and a tiny tube with a small camera are inserted. The procedure is performed by viewing this on a computer screen.
- Robotic surgery: It is more accurate as the surgeon operates the instruments through robotic arms with their control on the handles in the console.
Surgeon will assess and recommend treatment with the best-suited approach for you.
Why should you never ignore a hernia, and what complications can result?
Even if your hernia is painless and not causing any problems, it can grow larger, and your symptoms may increase. If left untreated, this can lead to severe complications that might be life-threatening too. They may lead to issues like:
- Intestinal Blockage or obstruction: A part of the intestine gets stuck in the inguinal canal below your abdomen. This causes nausea, vomiting, pain in the stomach, or a painful lump in the groin region.
- Strangulation: Some part of the intestine is trapped in such a way that the blood stops reaching it. This is an emergency condition and immediate surgery will be needed to preserve its health.
Always seek a doctor’s advice whenever you see any signs or symptoms of a hernia.
What is the hernia treatment cost in Delhi NCR?
The cost of hernia treatment in Delhi NCR is affordable and varies depending on a number of factors, including:
- Type of hernia: we can perform the surgery depends on its location, and hence the cost varies accordingly.
- The extent of the surgery: The more extensive the surgery, the more will be the cost.
- Type of surgical procedure: Open, laparoscopic, and robotic surgeries have different costs.
- Surgeons credentials: Better experienced surgeons will be a little expensive but will deliver better quality outcomes.
Hernia surgery treatment costs between INR 60,000 and INR 3,00000 on average.
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